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Home: Properties arrow Bio-ecological house in Italy

Bio-ecological house in Italy

A house may be considered ecological if:

- it is composed of natural raw materials from renewable sources;
- it has limited environmental impact throughout its life cycle;
- it is functionally suitable for its use; ;
- it is not harmful or polluting during building, use and disposal.

The sustainability of a house, whether it be a material or a building, may be assessed through attentive analysis of its "biography", looking at all stages in its life cycle or environmental balance.

A product's ecological quality is defined on the basis of the reduction of the environmental impact associated with all stages in its life cycle, in terms of consumption of energy and natural resources and in terms of the substances released into the environment (production of wastes, scrap, polluting emissions). The environmental effects of various stages in the life cycle of a product are "measured" to make their "potential" for contributing to one or more forms of impact on the environment immediately intelligible (such as the greenhouse effect, thinning of the ozone layer, acidification, eutrophization, etc.). At the same time, aspects relating to the biology and physics of construction are examined on the basis of the criteria of bio-ecological architecture.

Bio-construction and the bio-ecological house

In the last few years the interest towards ecology and towards all activities connected with it has increased a lot, involving more and more people, and concerning also the aspect of living. Basically natural construction has made us take a leap backwards in time, rehabilitating all of the most traditional and natural building materials.

A great number of factors influence the quality our living, an essential choice to achieve a true and total well-being.    
Materials, forms and disposition of the spaces, natural light and colors - all these are crucial factors that a contemporary designer cannot ignore.
Planning in an ecological way means to have the overall idea of the project that is about to be constructed, starting from a real knowledge of the characteristics of each material.
The knowledge of building ecologically should be recognized by all as an essential aspect of the knowledge to build at all. An aspect that means to assure that every construction is the organic and intelligent result of the transformation of the nature in an artisan product: artificial, of course, but adapted to our natural needs of health and well-being.

Correct planning and design, attention to the construction system and the quality of the building materials: this is the compulsory basis for energy saving and it is to respect. The structural and technologically sustained planning, the advanced and extremely flexible constructive system, the continuous research and the use of high-quality materials to build bio-ecological houses with a very low thermic dispersion. This means being able to guarantee to customers an balanced and sustainable energy consumption, supported by systems for energy production and energy saving.
In the projects, every square meter, every element of the building is involved in the creation of a steady relation with the environment, according to this precise planning philosophy, because a building is not to be a “machine for energy consume”, expensive and complicated, but planned with advanced technologies it becomes instead “educated” to use with intelligence the energy, provided by the environment in a diffused form in practically endless quantity and at a no additional cost. This is the fundamental basis of a correct and efficient energy saving.
Ecology means “respect for the nature”, with the awareness that everyone should have: that he is an integrative and active part of the environment. This same awareness is the basis of high life standard and a fundamental aspect of our well-being. For this reason the foundations of bioclimatic architecture on the analysis of the place, the space and the forms. A building that corresponds to the desires and the actual needs of the clients, and that in the same time looks in the future, anticipating the evolution of the family and the various uses of the house in the different phases of life.

The constant research for materials are to plan and realize constructions, that are capable of resolving every problem – constructive, structural or architectonic. The correct and rational stratification and diversification, and the use of quality materials in the most strategic points consent us to produce buildings of high efficiency, in terms of thermal as well as acoustic capacities, always with the guarantee of low energy discharge.

If we look at the traditional building construction we are immediately aware that the technical innovation has always brought to an increase in the prices of the living units; an unsound increase, that is not always reflected in the quality, the finishings or the final result.
Building ecologically is no longer a foolish dream for the few in the know but has now become a necessity for the protection of the environment and therefore of our health. It is a need that our grandparents didn’t feel because at the time all houses were more or less ecological: stone, terracotta, wood, lime, vegetable fibre etc. – all natural materials, found in the local area and disposible everywhere. It was in the XX century with the indiscriminate use of what at the time were new and versitile construction techniques, such as cement binders and plastic materials, that natural materials found progressively less space in “modern” construction. Of course this new era of construction undoubtedly had pressing problems such as the enormous development of urban areas and thus the need to construct large buildings at a reduced cost. Unfortunately, if this “modern” construction managed to provide dwellings for the masses, the other side of the coin was that our beautiful planet was, possibly unconsciously, being ruined, sometimes irreparibly, filling it up with reinforced concrete, polyethylene, polystyrene, asbestos and so on. These materials were sometimes even toxic for human beings but certainly difficult if not impossible to dispose of in the environment.



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